Department for Education data shows that 1,062 penalty notices were issued to Leeds parents for a child’s poor attendance in 2020-21.
These measures did not apply for two months when schools were not open to all pupils and fines for school absences did drop significantly across England during the coronavirus pandemic.
Though no figures were available for 2019-20 because of the pandemic, the number of fines last year was down 76 per cent from 4,349 in 2018-19.– which the National Association of Headteachers described as unsurprising, as the crisis "fundamentally changed" the education landscape.
However, the data also shows that the Leeds area issued more fines than almost any other local authority in the country – accounting for two per cent of all penalty notices handed out across England.
Of the fines last year, all were for unauthorised family holidays.
Their use varied greatly in different parts of the country, with 15 local authorities issuing 10 or fewer - compared to the 1000 plus issued across Leeds.
Meanwhile, just a dozen areas were responsible for over a third of all fines nationally last year.
James Bowen, director of policy for school leaders’ union NAHT, said: “Fines have always been a blunt instrument when it comes to managing persistent absenteeism, and even more so if the reasons are related to the pandemic.
"Schools will be working closely with families where persistent absenteeism is an issue to provide the necessary support to help get pupils back into school.
"The reality is that if a parent is concerned enough about their child’s safety to keep them off school, the threat of a fine is unlikely to change their minds.”
Penalty notices are £60 if paid within 21 days of being issued, but rise to £120 if paid between 22 and 28 days.
If the penalty is still outstanding, the council must either prosecute for the original offence or withdraw the notice.
There were almost 5,000 prosecutions for non-payment nationally last year – two in Leeds.
Julie McCulloch, director of policy at the Association of School and College Leaders, said: “It’s important that all children are in school during term time, particularly as most will have missed out on extended periods of face-to-face education over the last two years, and many continue to face ongoing disruption as a result of Covid.
“Headteachers have discretion over whether to classify an absence as authorised or unauthorised, and local authorities over whether to issue penalty notices.
"All involved will be mindful of the difficult circumstances of the last two years when making those decisions.”
A DfE spokeswoman said fines are available to local authorities when there is no lawful reason for a child's absence, but other support to boost attendance can also be offered where appropriate.
Leeds City Council and the Leeds branch of the National Education Union (NEU) have been approached for comment.
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