We say our city's name on a daily basis - yet how often do we stop to think about its origins?
Those of the name Leeds are shrouded in mystery, and are far less established than those of other British cities.
The original form of the name was Loidis, and it referred to a forested area of the Celtic kingdom of Elmet. Around the year 731, Bede mentioned the settlement in his writings, and it also appears in the Domesday Book after the Norman invasion.
By this time, the Old English spelling of Ledes was being used, but it is thought to be an Anglo-Saxon version of the Celtic name. Until the 1700s it appears as Leedes on maps.
It has been speculated that the word could have been Ladenses, a Celtic term for people living near a 'strongly flowing river', but it most likely refers in some way to the forest covering Elmet, which was a kingdom until the seventh century.
And here are some of the derivatives for suburbs and villages of Leeds:-
Horsforth - a horse ford
Hunslet - hound's let, an area for hunting with dogs
Roundhay - round hey, a royal hunting park
Scholes - a hut or shelter
Eccup - the valley where Ecca lived
Bramhope/Bramley - places where broom was grown
Colton - a farm belonging to Cola
Menston - a farm belonging to Mensa
Manston - a farm belonging to Mann
Alwoodley - a farm belonging to Aethelwald
Otley - a farm belonging to Otta
Armley - a farm belonging to Erme
Wike - named after a wic, meaning a farm
Barwick - a corn farm
Austhorpe - an outlying farm to the east
Osmondthorpe - Oswin's outlying farm
Thorp Arch - the de Arches family's outlying farm
Scarcroft - a small enclosed field
Seacroft - an enclosed field beside a pool
Wetherby - a castrated ram
Wortley - a vegetable farming area
Farnley - a place where ferns grew
Allerton - a place where alder trees grew
Garforth - the home of Gaera
Temple Newsam - new houses
Burmantofts - burgage man's tofts, or allotments