New figures have highlighted the extent to which the dreaded commute is eating into the routines of people across Leeds.
The figures show that workers in the city travel for a daily average of 40 minutes each way to and from their jobs.
Carried out by global recruiter Randstad UK, the research also found that the average speed of a Leeds commute is 35 miles per hour. Its average length, meanwhile, is said to be 23 miles.
The firm’s report says that, if the average local worker was being paid their usual wage for the time they spend commuting, they would earn an extra £4,600 each year.
Vicky Short, managing director of Randstad Care, said: “While the research illustrates that Yorkshire and the Humber is below the UK average for commuting times and proportion of salary lost to travel, Leeds residents will have little to be cheery about.
“Time is money – the longer a worker’s commute takes, the more money they lose.
“While it’s not possible for everyone to cut their commuting time by reducing the distance to their place of work, there are actions everyone can take to make commuting more efficient.
“On an individual level, creative journey planning can help cut travel time, and potentially make for a more comfortable commute by avoiding the rush hour crush.
“On a governmental level, creaking transport networks mean crowded and slow commutes, so regular infrastructure improvements are key.”
The country’s longest average commutes can be found in the North West (54 minutes), followed by London and Scotland (both 49 minutes).
Wales and the West Midlands are among the areas where workers have the quickest journeys to work.
A Leeds City Council report published in 2012 said predicted jobs growth in the middle of Leeds by 2026 would generate an extra 10,000 morning peak commuting trips.
Council bosses and local transport chiefs regard park-and-ride schemes as one way of taking the strain out of the morning and evening rush hours.
An 800-space site next to Leeds United’s Elland Road ground opened for business in June last year.
Plans have also been announced for a 1,000-space site in the Aire Valley Leeds enterprise zone, near Temple Newsam.
Meanwhile, supporters of the proposed Leeds trolleybus scheme say it would prove a boon for commuters.
A trolleybus journey into the city centre from Stourton via Belle Isle and Hunslet would take about 14 minutes.