Learning basic first aid make a lifesaving difference. The YEP and St John Ambulance have teamed up to bring you simple first aid tips.
First aid is not difficult – yet two out of three people wouldn’t know what do if faced with someone unconscious in front of them.
If a person is unconscious, first check their airway is open and clear – this will make sure they keep breathing while they’re unconscious.
Place one hand on the forehead and using two fingers lift the chin.
If you think the person has a spinal injury, use the jaw thrust technique to open their airway – place your hands on either side of their face and with your fingertips, gently open the jaw to open the airway. Take care not to tilt the person’s neck.
Position your cheek close to their mouth. Check their breathing – look to see if the chest is rising and falling, listen for breathing and feel the breath against your cheek.
If they continue breathing, they should be put into the recovery position.
Turn them on to their side with their top leg bent at the knee to steady them.
Lift their chin forward in the open airway position and adjust their hand under the cheek as necessary. It’s important to make sure that the person can’t roll forwards or backwards.
You should monitor their breathing and pulse continuously and if their injuries allow, turn the casualty to the other side after 30 minutes.
Call 999/112 for emergency help.